Although affluent women have access to medical abortions, poorer women generally depend on more dangerous alternatives.

This phenomenon contributes to the high birth rates noted earlier, as does a lack of use of contraceptives.

In 1986 the Ministry of Health estimated that because of lack of knowledge and the limited availability of contraceptives only 26 percent of sexually active women practiced contraception.

However, premarital and extramarital relations, more or less expected from men, are stigmatized in women.

The ideal female role, glorified in the culture, is that of mother.

Her place is in the home, and her duty is to raise her children.

The ideal expectations of the culture do not prevent most Nicaraguan women from becoming sexually active early in life: 38 percent by age sixteen and 73 percent by age nineteen, according to one study.Because men assume little of the domestic workload, the growth in female labor force participation has meant a double workday for many Nicaraguan women.Middle- and upper-class women have a good chance of escaping this trap as they are much less likely to work outside the home and can depend on domestic help for household duties.Many Nicaraguan women spend at least part of their lives as single mothers.Early initiation of sexual activity and limited practice of contraception contribute to this phenomenon, as does the very character of the Nicaraguan economy.If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware.